Model Systems and Correlated Matter
This research area addresses model systems that exhibit a reduced complexity. Therefore, model systems provide an ideal basis for understanding fundamental mechanisms that result in correlations in complex materials. Examples of systems established within MAINZ include ultracold quantum gases and magnon gases, which also allow for a precise understanding and tailoring of interaction strengths. Rational design of correlated systems, including molecular magnets, superconductors and charge transfer salts, makes use of this understanding. Future research will focus on tailoring structure and interactions to optimize materials properties by varying the chemical or physical environment. Manipulating properties by ultra-fast excitations constitutes a further strategy for studying the dynamics of processes in highly correlated materials.